Many large metropolitan areas (population over 10,000) throughout the United States are required to operate their storm sewer systems under a State permit. Under the Federal Clean Water Act, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit requires these cities to control the amount and the quality of the untreated waste being dumped into surface waterways through storm sewers.
Phase II Stormwater Rule
In 1999, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) enacted the Phase II Stormwater Rule that requires small-sized cities, like the City of Eureka, to also obtain a permit and to control the untreated stormwater that enters into the creeks, rivers, and lakes through storm sewers.
- Is federally-mandated and unfunded
- Requires the City of Eureka to obtain permit coverage and meet all requirements for stormwater discharges to State receiving waters
- Is administered nationwide by the EPA and by Missouri Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) within Missouri
- Has financial penalties for non-compliance